Printed Circuit Board (PCB) Fabrication is a crucial process in the electronics industry that involves the manufacturing of PCBs, which serve as the fundamental platform for electronic circuits in various devices and systems. The fabrication process transforms raw materials into precisely engineered PCBs that provide electrical connectivity and mechanical support for electronic components.
The PCB fabrication process begins with designing the PCB layout using specialized computer-aided design (CAD) software. Designers determine the arrangement of copper traces, pads, and vias that form the electrical connections and pathways for the components. They also specify the number of layers and overall dimensions of the PCB based on the complexity of the circuit and space constraints.
The next step is to produce the PCB's physical board using a substrate material, typically fiberglass-reinforced epoxy resin known as FR4. The substrate is coated with a thin layer of copper on both sides, forming the conductive layers that make up the PCB.
To create the desired circuit pattern, a layer of photosensitive material called the resist is applied to the copper-coated substrate. The PCB layout data is then used to expose the resist to ultraviolet light, hardening the exposed areas.
After the exposure, the unexposed resist is removed, leaving behind the desired copper traces and pads. The exposed copper is then chemically etched away, precisely defining the circuit pattern on the PCB.
For multilayer PCBs, the process is repeated to create multiple conductive layers. The individual layers are then laminated together under high pressure and temperature to form a single, compact unit.
Next, holes for through-hole components and vias are drilled into the PCB. These holes are plated with a conductive material to establish electrical connections between the different layers of the PCB.
After drilling and plating, the PCB is coated with a protective solder mask. This solder mask covers the entire PCB surface except for the exposed copper pads, preventing solder from flowing where it is not required during the assembly process.
Finally, the PCB undergoes surface finish treatment, such as electroless nickel immersion gold (ENIG), hot air solder leveling (HASL), or immersion tin, to enhance its solderability and protect the copper from oxidation.
PCB fabrication is a critical step in the electronics manufacturing process, ensuring the creation of reliable and high-quality PCBs that form the foundation for electronic devices and systems across various industries. With continuous advancements in fabrication techniques and materials, PCBs continue to play a pivotal role in shaping the future of electronics and driving innovation in a wide range of applications.
Payment & Shipping Terms:
|Keyword:||Printed Circuit Board Fabrication||Applications:||Battery Pack, PCBA Circuit Board, Industrial Control|
|Surface Finished:||HASL, Immersion Gold+OSP||PCB Assembly:||Consignment Assembly, Hybrid Technology (SMT/Through Hole)|
|PCB Boards:||Ordinary Board, HDI Board, Rigid-flex Joint Board||HDI:||1+n+1、2+n+2、3+n+3|
|Max Aspect Ratio:||20:01||Min Width/Space:||2.4/2.4mil|
|Payment Method:||T/T||Delivery Time:||4 Weeks|
|Whether To Support Customization:||Support||Logistics:||Accept Customer Specified Logistics|
Conformal Coating PCB Fabrication,
PCB Fabrication High Multilayer,
High Multilayer Rigid Flex Pcb
Conformal Coating Printed Circuit Board Fabrication High Multilayer
Printed Circuit Board Fabrication Description:
1. Quick-turn and flexible delivery.
2. Support a wide range of PCBs: high-layer, multi-layer, rigid-flex, high frequency, high speed, etc.
3. Professional supplier positioning.
4. Seamless link from prototype to mass production.
5. Whole-flow quality assurance, IPC, Special industry inspection standard.
Printed Circuit Board Fabrication Parameters:
|Copper Thickness||0.3-12 oz|
|Min Mechanical Hole||0.1mm|
|Min Laser Hole||0.075mm|
|Max Aspect Ratio||20:01|
|Max Board Size||650mm*1130mm|
|Min Outline Tolerance||±0.1mm|
|Min PP Thickness||0.06mm|
|Materials||FR4, High-Tg FR4, Rogers, Nelco, RCC, PTFE, M4, M6, TU862, TU872|
|Surface Finished||HASL, HASL Pb Free Immersion Gold/Tin/Silver Osp, Immersion Gold+OSP|
|Special Capability||Gold Finger Plating, Peelable, Carbon ink|
Printed Circuit Board Fabrication Introduction:
The earliest use of printed circuit boards is paper-based copper-clad printed boards. Since the advent of semiconductor transistors in the 1950s, the demand for printed boards has risen sharply. Especially with the rapid development and wide application of integrated circuits, the volume of electronic equipment is getting smaller and smaller, and the circuit wiring density and difficulty are getting bigger and bigger, which requires the printed board to be updated continuously. At present, the variety of printed boards has developed from single-sided to double-sided, multi-layer boards and flexible boards; the structure and quality have also developed to ultra-high density, miniaturization, and high reliability.
Contact Person: Train Long